There are two types of SMSF pensions:
1. Account based pension (from age 60)
2. Transition to retirement pension (from age 55)
When an SMSF Member reaches preservation age (currently age 55), the Member may commence a transition to retirement income stream. You can start a transition to retirement income stream in your SMSF whilst still employed.
When you retire, you can commence an account based pension.
A transition to retirement income stream pays benefits before retirement. An account based pension pays benefits after retirement.
Transition to retirement
A transition to retirement pension allows you to receive your SMSF benefits as an income stream even whilst you are still working, provided you reached preservation age.
A pension account is created from the monies accumulated in the SMSF. Investment earnings are added to the account and pension payments are deducted from the account until the account balance is fully paid out (fully commuted).
Account based pension (post-retirement)
An account based pension is a way of receiving your superannuation benefits as an income stream, instead of a lump sum, after you have reached your preservation age and permanently retired or have satisfied another condition of release.
The pension account is converted from the monies accumulated in the SMSF. Investment earnings are added to the account and pension payments are deducted from the account until the account balance is fully paid out.
Taxation of benefits in pension phase
When you convert your superannuation to a pension, there is no tax payable. The earnings from the capital that support the pension is also tax-free.
Member over the age of 60
To receive an Account Based Pension, a Member must be:
1. 60 + and retired or
2. 65+ (can still work)
Pension payments and any lump sum withdrawal are tax-free. The Trustee is not required to report the pension payment to the Australian Taxation Office (you are not required to include these payments in your income tax return).
Member under the age of 60
Part of your pension payment may be tax free (tax-free component, generally consisting of after-tax money or non-concessional personal contributions), and the balance will be taxable. The taxable component of your pension payments are taxed at your marginal rate plus Medicare levy. You will also be eligible for a 15% tax offset.
Minutes for a Pension Commencement
To start a pension, the Trustees have to minute this decision. Download this sample minutes to start your pension (just add your own SMSF details in).
Q: Do I need to close down the SMSF and start a new one for pension?
A: No, you continue on in your existing SMSF. Trustees need to minute the pension commencement. The advantage of starting a pension in your existing SMSF is a tax saving. Capital gains from shares bought and other assets when you were in accumulation phase, then sold after you commence pension is tax free.
Q: What do I need to do to commence either a transition to retirement pension or an account based pension?
A: You should ensure that the conversion from accumulation to pension is effective and appropriately documented.
Q: Can a transition to retirement pension be cashed as a lump sum?
A: No – a transition to retirement pension cannot be cashed as a lump sum. There is a minimum that has to be taken of 4% and the maximum that can be withdrawn is 10%. However, the withdrawal rate can be compounded. For example:
A Trustee has $100,000 in his Super Fund. He withdraws a transition to retirement pention of 10%, leaving $90,000 left in the Super Fund. In the same year, he can take out another 10% of the remaining amount of $90,000.
Q: Can I commence a pension and still contribute to the SMSF?
A: Yes – you can commence a pension (including a transition to retirement pension) and still contribute to the SMSF. In this situation, you will have 2 ‘accounts’ in the SMSF. One being the pension account which will pay you the benefits and the other is an accumulation account that you are contributing to. The accumulation account can accept all types of contributions, including employer contributions, salary sacrificed contributions and personal contributions. Tax pension portion would be tax free in the SMSF. That means if you earn interest on this the SMSF will not pay tax on it.
Q: When does an SMSF require an actuarial certificate?
A: An SMSF paying an account-based pension requires an actuarial certificate if the assets supporting the pension is not segregated from other assets in the SMSF. An actuarial certificate will determine the portion of income that is tax exempt.
Where the assets are segregated, no actuarial certificate is required for eligibility for income tax exemption. Superannuation Warehouse, therefore, recommends going for this approach to save fees in the SMSF. An actuarial certificate cost around $300.
Q: Can I have some examples on Pension payments?
A: To see some pension examples, follow this link to the ATO website,