If an SMSF is looking to invest in land, it needs to be aware of the rules and regulations imposed by the Tax Office. The structure required to invest in land is similar to that require to invest in a conventional property. For more information on property investment, please see here.
Investing in land or subdivisions with loans
An SMSF can invest in property with or without loans, provided the Investment Strategy allows for it. When a Fund using a loan to purchase an investment property, it’s a legal requirement to set up a Limited Recourse Borrowing Arrangement (LRBA) to facilitate the loan in the SMSF. The investment property will be described in detail in the Deed of this LRBA. It’s important to note that the nature of the property is not allowed to change while the loan is in place.
Generally, property development is not permitted if a Fund is taking out a LRBA. See the table below for some examples of property developments that are prohibited under the Tax Office rules:
|Type of Property||Property development undertaken
|Vacant block of land on a single title||The land is subdivided into multiple titles|
|Vacant block of land on a single title||Building a residential house on the land|
|Land with a house on it||Changing the nature of the property, e.g. changing from a 3 bedroom to a 4 bedroom property|
If an SMSF would like to develop their land or subdivision, the Tax Office rules generally only allow the development to happen after the LRBA has been settled by the Fund.
Transferring ownership of land
The rules and regulations surrounding the transferring of ownership of land are similar to that of conventional property. If the land is deemed to be residential in nature, Trustees are not allowed to purchase the land from themselves or a related party. However, if the land is deemed to be commercial in nature, Trustees can purchase it from themselves, on the basis that the transaction takes place at market value and is at arm’s length.
Commercial or residential
The question then becomes: is the land commercial or residential in nature?
If the subdivision is surrounded by lands that are commercial in nature, the subdivision is most likely to be classified as a commercial property. Similarly, if the subdivision is surrounded by lands that are considered to be residential properties, it would most likely to be considered residential in nature. Trustees should be aware of the nature of the land or subdivision before making any investment decisions. For more information on the rules and regulations of investing in properties, please see here.